2nd July

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2nd July

Postby chenrezig » 02 Jul 2016, 07:59

1489 Thomas Cranmer, a leader of the English Reformation and Archbishop of Canterbury was born. He was Archbishop during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and, for a short time, Mary I. He helped build a favourable case for Henry's divorce from Catherine of Aragon and, along with Thomas Cromwell, he supported the principle of Royal Supremacy, in which the king was considered sovereign over the Church within his realm.

1644 English Civil War: The Battle of Marston Moor at Long Marston, North Yorkshire. Marston Moor was the first victory of the war for the Parliamentary forces, with Cromwell's Roundhead Army defeating the Royalist Cavaliers, commanded by Prince Rupert. After their defeat, the Royalists effectively abandoned the North of England. The loss of the North was to prove a fatal handicap the following year, when they tried unsuccessfully to link up with the Scottish Royalists under Montrose.

1698 Devon born Thomas Savery patented the first steam engine. He described it as a ''A new invention for raiseing of water and occasioning motion to all sorts of mill work by the impellent force of fire, which will be of great use and advantage for drayning mines, serveing townes with water, and for the working of all sorts of mills where they have not the benefitt of water nor constant windes.'

1819 The first Factory Act was passed in Britain. This banned the employment of children younger than 9 from working in textile factories, whilst those under 16 were allowed to work for 'only' 12 hours a day!

1865 At a revivalist meeting at Whitechapel, London, William Booth formed the Salvation Army.

1940 Kenneth Clarke, British politician was born.

1940 World War II: Adolf Hitler ordered German military commanders to draw up plans for the invasion of England.

1948 Champion English golfer Henry Cotton won the British Open Golf Championship for the third time.

1973 The birth, in Bolton, of comedian Peter Kay. He has sold over ten million DVDs, more than any other comedian.

1985 The ordination of women as deacons was approved by the General Synod

1987 Moors murderer Ian Brady offered to assist police searches of Saddleworth Moor for the first time since his conviction.

1996 Weather experts predicted that global warming would have the effect of moving Britain 100 miles south in the next 25 years, bringing summer droughts and winter rainstorms.

1997 Six IRA terrorists who plotted to blow up electricity supply stations in the Home Counties were each jailed for 35 years.

1999 The Scottish Parliament was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II on the day that legislative powers were officially transferred from the old Scottish Office in London to the newly devolved Scottish Executive in Edinburgh.

2001 Barry George was sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of television presenter Jill Dando. He was released in 2008 after doubt was cast on the reliability of gunshot residue evidence.

2005 The world's biggest music stars united in Live8 concerts around the globe to press political leaders to tackle poverty in Africa.

2012 Meteorological Office figures showed that June 2012 had been the wettest since records began in 1910, with double the average amount of rain in the UK. It was also the dullest June on record and the coolest since 1991, with average temperatures of 12.3 degrees C.

2013 HM Revenue and Customs was urged to show "more urgency" in how it dealt with VAT fraud and tax losses arising out of online trading, after a National Audit Office report found that £32bn of tax was uncollected in 2010, including an estimated £9.6bn in VAT.

2014 Researchers from Cambridge and Warwick universities, who had been studying the spread of bovine TB over the past 15 years found that infected cows brought to a farm were the most likely cause of the disease. They said that 10 per cent of farms were acting as 'super-spreaders' and that badgers were not to blame for most cases of tuberculosis in cattle.
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Re: 2nd July

Postby Rosalind » 03 Jul 2016, 18:39

go90 tha22222
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